WHAT IS OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

Occupational therapy is a discipline that aims to promote health by enabling people to perform meaningful and purposeful activities. Occupational therapists help individuals with mental, physical, developmental, and/or emotional, and environmental barriers that limit engagement and independence with meaningful occupations in three areas: self-care, productivity and leisure.

Self-care means you are able to get dressed, bathe and look after your personal hygiene. Occupational therapy can raise your productivity, allowing you to go to work, go to school and participate in the community. You will also be able to participate in sports, tend to the garden and partake in social activities for leisure.

The ultimate goal of occupational therapy is to help clients have independent, productive, and satisfying lives by targeting any barriers in the aforementioned areas of their lives.

The Occupational Therapists (OTs) at Health Bound provide services in various areas of clinical practice, such as in acquired brain injury, orthopedic injury, spinal cord injury, stroke, mental health, chronic pain and more. Our OTs also coordinate hospital discharge planning and help with community reintegration following an injury or a stay at the hospital. They frequently perform home safety assessment and recommend necessary equipment/assistive devices or home modifications to increase clients’ safety and independence, they provide wheelchair seating assessments and prescriptions, assess functional cognitive status and design individualized programs to compensate or remediate cognitive deficits, for example following a brain injury. Additionally, our OTs provide work site assessments and design return to work programs to ensure a safe and gradual return to work. Lastly, our Occupational Therapists are involved in every assessment of catastrophic file management, which involves assessment, treatment, and care coordination of our catastrophically injured patients. We have highly trained CAT certified Occupational therapists working with a Multidisciplinary team (Psychiatrists, Neuropsychologists, Orthopaedic Surgeons, Neurologists, Physiatrists, etc) to address catastrophic file management and assessment. Our team is skilled in the completion of Functional/Situational assessments, administering the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended (GOSE) and Spinal Cord Injury Measure (SCIM).

WHAT TO EXPECT ON YOUR FIRST VISIT

Your first visit with an occupational therapist will involve an initial assessment and interview, where your OT will ask you questions about the nature of your symptoms, your previous medical history and other relevant health information. The occupational therapist may complete a physical examination, such as Active Range of Motion or Manual Muscle Test in order to gain more insight into your physical status, a cognitive assessment to assess your cognitive function, and discuss your psychosocial and environmental barriers/supports that may impact your rehabilitation. Lastly, during your first visit your OT will learn more about your occupations, such as your job, hobbies, or the roles/activities that bring meaning to your life and guide you to establish your personal goals related to your rehabilitation, which will be used as the foundation in your journey to recovery.

Based on this initial assessment and your personal goals, you and your occupational therapist will develop an appropriate care plan for you, which may involve recommendations to other specialists or therapists, such as physiotherapists, speech language pathologists, psychologists and many more.

CONDITIONS TREATED

  • Acquired Brain Injury
  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Amputation
  • Burns
  • Stroke
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Failure to thrive
  • Heart disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Heart and liver transplantation
  • Tissue Diseases
  • Joint replacement
  • Catastrophic Injuries
  • Work injuries
  • Motor Vehicle Accidents
  • Fractures and Other Musculoskeletal Injuries

TECHNIQUES USED

Wheelchairs, Walkers, Canes, Seating Aids, Scooters An occupational therapist measures the client for mobility devices and seating and prescribes them as necessary.

Movement Therapy The Brunstrom approach to the treatment of hemiplegia is based on the use of motor patterns available to the patient in the recovery process.

The Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) approach Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation has been described as a method of promoting or hastening the response of the neuromuscular mechanism through stimulation of proprioceptors to treat neurological disorders.

Prosthesis Occupational therapy is useful in developing functional use, tolerance and training of prosthetic devices, including psychological adjustment to prosthetics.

Mindfulness Meditation is a type of therapy which is used for clients who experience increased stress as a result of accidents, or chronic pain.

Education regarding sleep hygiene, falls prevention strategies and home safety, energy conservation, pacing, pain management strategies, cognitive strategies, exercise, nutrition, safe use of assistive devices, psychotherapy techniques, etc.

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