“Occupational therapy is a client-centred health profession concerned with promoting health and wellbeing through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life” (WFOT, 2010)
Occupational Therapy has a unique holistic approach. It is concerned with more than just the physical well-being of a person. OT is concerned with the physical, social, cultural, and institutional environment of the person and how they influence a person's occupations.
In occupational therapy, the word “occupations” does not simply refer to one’s job, or career. It refers to the everyday activities that people do as individuals, in families and with communities to bring meaning and purpose to life. Occupations are divided into self-care, productivity, and leisure. An example of a self-care occupation would be showering, or being able to dress independently. An example of a productivity occupation would be driving, or working. Lastly, an example of a leisure occupation can be one's hobbies.
Occupational therapists work with all age groups and in a wide range of physical and psychosocial areas. You may see an Occupational Therapists in an acute care setting working with geriatric patients, or as part of a paediatrics unit working with children with sensory or motor issues. Places of employment may include hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centres, home care programmes, special schools, universities, etc.
World Federation of Occupational Therapists. (2010). Statement on Occupational Therapy. Retrieved from http://www.wfot.org/Portals/0/PDF/STATEMENT%20ON%20OCCUPATIONAL%20THERAPY%20300811.pdf